By Judge Theresa Doyle
We all have biases. These unconscious, instantaneous, almost automatic judgments can help us get through the day. However, when those unconscious biases stereotype a person because of race, gender, national origin, sexual orientation, age or other qualities, they are no longer helpful but harmful to the right to a fair trial.
Results of the widely taken Implicit Association Test (IAT) and other research show a high and nearly universal preference of whites over blacks.1 Even with African-American test-takers, 40 percent showed a pro-white preference. Jurors bring these biases to court when they report for jury service.
A recent U.S. Supreme Court case,...